Lately, I have been doing a drug called Special K. I know it is a sedative/tranquilizer (what's the difference?), but very little about side effects, etc. Also, can you go over similar information about the drug X?
Unlike the cereal, Special K and X aren't parts of a complete meal. They also come with their own fine print of their varying side effects, so read carefully if you choose to take them.
First, a quick vocab primer: sedatives are depressant drugs that cause restfulness in low doses, sleep in higher doses, and death in high to very high doses. High dose sedatives are called hypnotics. Sedatives include alcohol, barbiturates, and minor tranquilizers. A tranquilizer is a drug used specifically to calm or pacify.
Special K is the street name for the drug ketamine hydrochloride, also known as ketalar, ketaject, vitamin K, and super K. Ketamine is a legal prescription anesthetic for both people and animals, but some people use it recreationally in powder (commonly snorted, melted to inject, or taken orally) or pill (taken orally). Like other dissociative drugs (including DXM
and nitrous oxide
), ketamine blocks a neurotransmitter called glutamate in the brain, which blocks signals between the conscious mind with other parts of the brain. This results in the user feeling far away from her/his environment and insensitive to physical pain.
At low doses, ketamine may give a mild, dreamy feeling of floating outside of the body. Higher doses may have a euphoric or hallucinogenic effect that causes users to feel even more disassociated from their bodies, to the point where they may become unable to move or communicate. Some people refer to this sensation as entering a "K-hole" and report that it feels like a near-death experience.
Ketamine is known to cause bad reactions in some of its users. Some people may find the dissociative effects scary or disturbing, particularly at higher doses. Ketamine may make users feel nauseous and cause agitation, violent paranoia, impaired coordination, and confusion. The user's state of mind and environment directly impacts the effects. Taking substances in a safe, calm, and familiar setting with people you trust may help keep away you from regrettable experiences. There are few studies on the long-term effects of using ketamine, but some users become psychologically dependent, and there's anecdotal evidence suggesting that frequent use may lead to problems like disruption of consciousness, amnesia, and neurosis. Because ketamine is a depressant, high doses may lower heart rate and breathing function. If you choose to take ketamine, it's important to avoid combining it with other depressants, including alcohol, Valium, or GHB, as this may cause serious health problems.
X, formally called methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), with street alias ecstasy
, XTC, and Adam, among others, is a mood elevator, or a short-term antidepressant. It works by increasing the release of serotonin, also a neurotransmitter, and results in feelings of relaxation and empathy. The effect of MDMA usually lasts four to six hours, and may cause some day-after fatigue in its users, known as E come down
. There's definitely a possibility of having a bad reaction to MDMA, and it's not clear at what point and why a certain amount may be a lethal overdose for some and fine for others. Ecstasy is linked to severe anxiety, depression and sleep problems, such as insomnia in some users. Additionally, effects may also include symptoms such muscle tension, nausea, blurred vision, teeth clenching, increased heart rate and blood pressure. So far, limited scientific research exists on the long-term effects of X, though emerging science indicates there may be disruptions to memory formation and other brain functions if used in high doses or over longer periods of time.
Though you didn't specifically ask, it's important to mention that combining substances presents variable risks for a user. As these substances are unregulated in their production and distribution, they don't have reliable quality assurance. Ketamine capsules have been known to be sold as ecstasy. Substances from unclear origins easily vary in purity and what it actually contains, creating risks of overdose or other adverse effects. The exact outcome of combining drugs (intentionally or unintentionally) may not be completely predicted, due to factors like the substances consumed, the frequency, the amount, etc. For those that might consider using more than one at a time, be sure to do your research (from reputable sources not necessarily just other user experiences), especially if you are on any medications or have medical conditions, and decide if the risks are acceptable for you. For more information on ketamine, ecstasy, and other substances, you can call the hotline at 1.800.729.6686 and check out DanceSafe
. National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information
While these substances may sound fun and innocent like cereal, staying well informed and using good judgment weighing their desired effects and unwanted risks will help ensure that you won't accidentally snap, crackle, and pop!
Ketamine Dependence Signs of Ketamine Use Vs. Abuse, Tolerance
Ketamine is an anesthetic drug that is mainly used in veterinary medicine, although it is also still sometimes used in human surgery. Some people use ketamine illicitly in order to get high. While legitimate ketamine is typically found in liquid form, street variants are often sold as a powder that users smoke, snort, or dissolve in liquid to drink. Drug abusers may also inject liquid ketamine directly into a muscle. It is also sometimes used as a "rape drug
and put into the drinks of unsuspecting women to sedated them and make them vulnerable to sexual assault.
Is Ketamine Addictive?
How addictive is ketamine? The addictive potential of ketamine is not well studied, so no one knows for certain if it is addictive or how addictive it is. If you think that you or someone you know might be addicted to ketamine, fill out our short contact form or call 1-877-653-9087 to learn more about this drug
and how to recognize its abuse.
Understanding Ketamine Dependency and Tolerance
Ketamine dependence involves cravings for the drug when it is not in the system. The precise mechanisms and degree of ketamine addiction and dependence are unknown, but many people who use the drug continue to do so over a long period of time or binge
by taking large dosages at once to achieve an effective high. While the potential for physical addiction remains under investigation, psychological dependency is certainly possible. Psychological addiction occurs when the user associates ketamine use with particular circumstances or people and makes a habit of using the drug whenever he or she is in a particular situation. Ketamine is often used as a club drug, so users may find it difficult to stop without removing themselves from the lifestyle that encourages drug use.
Prescription Drug Addiction Symptoms
Prescription drug abuse is among the major social and health concerns in the United States today. People from all walks of life can become addicted to prescription drugs. Addiction to prescription drugs results in the uncontrollable seeking, misuse, and often overuse of these drugs in spite of their obvious dangerous consequences. However, addiction is at times hard to identify because users suffering from chronic pain require regular pain medication, and physical dependence is possible even if drugs are taken as intended.Read More
Ketamine acts on the neurotransmitter glutamate, which is normally involved in learning, pain perception, coordinating responses to the environment, and memory. When a user takes ketamine, he or she typically experiences a distorted sense of self and feels detached from the environment. Sight and sound perception may also be altered. In some cases, the user experiences a terrifying sense of complete sensory detachment that feels like a near-death experience. At low doses, the individual's memory, learning ability and attention may be hampered. High doses can cause hallucinations and a dreamlike state. Excessive doses can lead to amnesia, delirium, high blood pressure, depression, and a loss of motor function. The specific effect of ketamine on a given individual depends on many factors, including his or her weight, age, mood, expectations, and medical conditions, as well as the amount of ketamine taken and which form is used. Snorting ketamine can bring on a high within a few minutes, but the effects typically last for only an hour or so. Taking ketamine by mouth results in a more gradual high that may last for up to four hours. Coming down from ketamine may involve experiencing delirium or a dreamlike state for up to 24 hours after the initial use. After a ketamine high, the user may not recall what happened while on the drug. He or she may also experience anxiety during the letdown of the drug. Even after the drug has worn off, some ketamine users experience flashbacks in the days or weeks that follow the initial use. These flashbacks appear suddenly, without warning, and may interfere with work, school, or home life. Side effects from ketamine use may include sleepiness, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, confusion, changes in heart rate, mood changes, or nightmares. Some users can develop potentially deadly respiratory problems, seizures or a coma. Long-term ketamine users may develop irreversible urinary tract and bladder problems.
Withdrawal and Detoxification
Withdrawal from ketamine is often less painful or uncomfortable than withdrawal from other drugs, such as stimulants or depressants
Withdrawal symptoms have not been clearly defined, so doctors who treat ketamine abusers may not know what to look for. Detoxification can generally be accomplished through an abrupt cessation of drug use. Unlike drugs with a strong physical addiction component, ketamine does not require a gradual weaning off process in order to quit using it.
Treatment for Ketamine Addiction
Ketamine abuse treatment is primarily focused on teaching the user to develop alternative
habits to replace the psychological habit of drug use. The patient may need to sever relationships with friends or family members who regularly use ketamine in order to avoid temptation that might lead to a relapse. Developing healthy support systems is an important part of recovery from ketamine addiction.
Call 1-877-653-9087 or fill out our short contact form to get more information
about recovering from ketamine abuse.
Cashew Commentary: Now think about this:
Psychiatry is now using ketamine AS treatment for those they previously were working so hard to get OFF this dangerous drug. HOW do you explain that in a satisfactory way to yourselves, and how do you justify this while holding power over those to whom you are administering this "treatment"? More than about "treatment" this is about the relationship between those with power to impose it and those with no power to question that or to stop them.PL